Goya chronology

1746 March 30, Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes was born in Fuendetodos, Spain.
1749 Goya's family moved to Zaragoza where his father was a master gilder. Goya attended school at Escuela de las Escuelas Pias and started a lifelong friendship with Martin Zapater.
1760 Goya entered into an apprenticeship with Jose Luzan Martinez and attended Martinez's Primera Juter Preparatoria painting academy for 4 years.
1763 Moved to Madrid and entered into an apprenticeship with Raphael Mengs. Goya applied to the Royal Academy of Fine Art and was turned down.
1766 Applied to the Royal Academy of Fine Art and was turned down.
1770 Painted Hannibal the Conqueror and Portrait of Martin Zapater. Applied to the Royal Academy of Fine Art and was turned down.
Hannibal the Conqueror, 1770, public domain
Portrait of Martin Zapater, 1770, courtesy of The Hague, Cramer Gallery
1771 Traveled to Rome and lived off of his artwork. He won 2nd prize in a painting contest sponsored by the city of Parma. Later the same year Goya returned to Zaragoza and won commissions to paint frescoes for the Basilica of Pilar, the Aula Dei, and the Sobradiel Palace. These frescoes are probably the last Goya painted in Zaragoza. Goya began to study with the painter Francisco Bayeu y Subias, Mengs’ first assistant.
Birth of the Virgin, 1771-73, Monastery Aula Dei, Zaragoza, Spain
1771-75 Painted Self-portrait. Self-Portrait, 1771-75, courtesy of a private collection
1773 Married Dona Josefa Bayeu, Francisco Bayeu y Subias’ sister.
1774-92 Worked with the Royal Tapestry Workshop where he designed patterns for tapestries.
1777 Painted The Parasol, a pattern from Goya’s first group of tapestry designs.
The Parasol, 1777, courtesy of the Prado Museum, Spain
1777-78 Learned the etching technique of aquatint, and etched a copy of Velazquez’s Las Meninas.
Las Meninas, after Velazquez, 1778, courtesy of Derald H. and Janet Ruttenberg
1780 Painted Crucifixion which earned him the honor of Academician and an appointment to the Royal Academy.
Crucifixion, 1780, courtesy of the Prado Museum, Spain
1783 Painted the Portrait Count Floridablanca and The Family of Infante Don Luis.
Portrait of Count Floridablanca, 1783, courtesy of Banco de Espana, Madrid
1790-95 Goya painted Self-Portrait with Easel.
1789 Goya was appointed Court Painter to Charles VI
1792-93 Goya suffered a mysterious illness that left him completely deaf. It took him 5 years to recuperate, and he didn’t paint again until the late 90’s. He became withdrawn and introspective. His painting took a new direction. He sank more into himself and became more aware of the depths of his own psyche and inner demons.
1795-97 The Duke of Medina-Sedona, the husband of the 13th Duchess of Alba, died in 1796. After this Goya painted several portraits of the Duchess of Alba, including The White Duchess, Duchess of Alba and Her Duenna, Duchess of Alba (Black Portrait), and The Duchess Holding Maria de la Luz while she was staying at Sanbicar de Barranneda. Goya and the Duchess of Alba had, at the very least, a very close friendship. He also painted Self-Portrait on Linen.
White Duchess, 1795, courtesy of The Alba Collection, Madrid
1797-1800 Painted The Nude Maja, Self Portrait with Spectacles, and Self-Portrait.
The Nude Maha, 1799-80, courtesy of the Prado Museum, Madrid, Spain
1799 A series of 80 etchings entitled Caprichos by Goya emerged. Goya worked on these etchings from 1796-99.
They Say Yes and Give Their Hand to the First Comer, 1799, courtesy of the Davison Art Center, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT
1800-01 Painted The Family of Charles IV.
The Family of Charles IV, 1798, courtesy of the Prado Museum, Madrid, Spain
1800-03 Painted The Clothed Maja.
The Clothed Maja, 1800-03, courtesy of the Prado Museum, Madrid, Spain
1810-20 Completed his etching series Disasters of War.
Plate #25, These Too, 1862-63, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD
1812 Wife, Josefa, dies.
1814 Painted The Portrait of King Ferdinand VII of Spain in the Uniform of a General, Second of May, and Third of May. Dona Leocadia Weiss and her children, Guillermo and Maria del Rosario, move into Goya’s home.
Second of May, 1814, The Prado Museum, Madrid, Spain
1816 Published his series of bullfighting etchings, Tauromaquia.
Tauromaquia: Los Proverbios: Agility and Audacity of Juanito Apinani in the Ring at Madrid, 1816, 4th ed, courtesy of Wake Forest University Print Collection, Winston Salem, NC
1815-1824 Completed his etching series, Disparates/Proverbios, and a possible preliminary sketch to be included in Disparates, Utter Madness. Goya completed an ink wash drawing entitled For Being A Jew believed to have been executed in response to Ferdinand VII’s reinstalling the Inquisition. This drawing has an unknown date of composition.
For Being A Jew, 1815-24, courtesy of the British Museum, London
1819-24 Lived in a house he called Quinta del Sordo (House of the Deafman) located outside of Madrid. Goya exiles himself to Bordeaux, France in 1824. Goya paints Woman Reading To Children. On April 16, 1824 Goya dies.
Woman Reading To Children, 1824-25, courtesy of the Cleveland Museum of Art
Unknown date Painted Portrait of Josefa Bayeu.
Portrait of Josefa Bayeu, unknown date, courtesy of the Prado Museum, Madrid, Spain

 

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